Three weeks before the presidential election, would the government engage in a few scams about the reality of unemployment? This is the suspicion of LFI MP François Ruffin and several other Communist MPs, who have been calling for a government report for ten days to be sent to Parliament by the Directorate for the Animation of Research, Studies and Statistics (Dares ). ), which reports to the Ministry of Labor. Its content is promising: it deals with the non-use of unemployment insurance, ie the percentage of people who would be entitled to an unemployment benefit and who, however, do not receive it. The subject has not been the subject of much research to date and is more difficult to identify than, for example, non-recourse to RSA, which has been shown by recurrent studies to show that almost one in three potential beneficiaries does not the touch not. “There is very little work on non-unemployment insurance because there is a belief that there is none.” explained the sociologist Didier Demazière in October 2019 during a symposium organized by the Center for Employment and Labor Studies (CEET), of which AEF Info had produced a report. The issue may therefore be hot in the middle of the election campaign, at a time when Emmanuel Macron is already promising to continue reforming his unemployment insurance by further curtailing the rights of the unemployed.
It all starts in September 2018, with the law “for the freedom to choose one’s professional future”, which focuses on the organization of training and, to a lesser extent, on the operation of unemployment insurance. As part of the examination of this law, the Communist MP Pierre Dharréville had an amendment adopted (in Article 62 of the text) “Within two years […]the government remits [te] to Parliament a report on the reality and consequences of non-recourse to unemployment insurance rights ”. “We were already in a logic of stigmatizing the unemployed, with a strong desire to target social fraud, leaving aside a number of other issues, especially non-recourse, Pierre Dharréville explained today. What a report to highlight a shadowy area. “
Only two years later, in September 2020, the light is still not on. It will be reported sixteen months later, in a parliamentary evaluation report on the law in September 2018, published in January 2022. Deputies Sylvain Maillard (LREM) and Joël Aviragnet (PS) and explaining that the government report on the non-recourse is “Late but in the process of being recovered.” According to MPs, the Ministry of Labor argued that “Complicating eligibility rules” Unemployment insurance has made it difficult to finalize the study, but it is now planned „For the beginning of the year 2022”.
A few more weeks pass; Here we are in March 2022, a month before the first round of the presidential election. Still not seeing anything coming, the Communist deputies are impatient: when will this famous report come out? The question is also asked by François Ruffin’s colleague. With his audience, the latter publishes a blog post addressed by Elisabeth Borne, the Minister of Labor, where he states “That this report exists, that it is finalized, that you and your firm have re-read it.” Not only re-read, but also validated and transmitted to Matignon and the Elysée… where a blockage would actually come from “Politics”, a few weeks after the presidency.
Suspicions that the Ministry of Labor is trying to sweep away, by providing an unexpected explanation. “The first results require deepening because they show that the rate of non-recourse is below that one of the few studies available, which raises questions.” he explains. Thus, if anything is surprising in this report, it is the small extent of the phenomenon studied. You will have to explore more “The reasons for this non-recourse: is it out of ignorance.” […]Is this a voluntary withdrawal from the labor market? ” the ministry wonders. “So we’re moving from a statistical survey to a psychosociological survey!” François Ruffin wonders at Release. There is indeed reason to be surprised. While Dares publishes a lot of work based on cross-referencing administrative data, she rarely ventures into sociology. And when it does, it is most often through external contributions, which lead to separate investigations.
Nearly a third of non-recourse
At CGT I believe that the retention of the study is political. Denis Gravouil, Unédic’s councilor for the union “It’s hard to imagine that Dares did a bad thing.” In a statement issued on Monday, the power plant made it clear that the report would show that “Hundreds of thousands of beneficiaries are injured.” According to the new information, the question of 500,000 people would be more precise, which will represent a level of private jobs with the right to be allocated. A rate close to that obtained in 2010 by two researchers, Sylvie Blasco and François Fontaine. In their study, 39% of these individuals were eligible for compensation from a sample of nearly 1,900 jobseekers under the age of 50. “Don’t sign up.”[ai]not at the ANPE [ensuite fusionnée avec les Assédic pour donner naissance à Pôle Emploi, ndlr] during their period of unemployment, thus preventing themselves from receiving the allowance ”.
How to explain such percentages? With a well-known Pôle Emploi, it would have been early to imagine that there is a form of automaticity between losing one’s job and registering for it. In reality it is more complex. First of all, an important clarification: registering with Pôle Emploi is not the same as receiving an allowance. The evolution of the rules in recent decades has led to only one in two jobseekers being compensated today. Then, addressing the public employment service involves engaging in a costly administrative process in time and effort, with a requirement of counterparts (show that one is looking for “Activation” work) and sometimes obscure compensation mechanisms. This can be discouraging, especially if you think you will be unemployed for a short period of time, if you doubt that you are entitled to compensation, or if you think it will be too low to be significant. In their 2010 study, Sylvie Blasco and François Fontaine revealed that“An unemployed person who anticipates a quick return to employment has little incentive to claim compensation, especially if it takes time or leads to high transaction costs.”
When will we know what the long-awaited Dares report says? Le ministère du Travail assures that it will be well transmitted in Parliament, but that it will have to “Multiple weeks of work.” In the meantime, whether the government has voluntarily played the watch or not, the result is this: it can now invoke the “election reserve period”, which began last Friday, to ask its administrations not to publish documents that would could risk. to guide public debate.