High diastolic blood pressure: causes, symptoms and prevention

Several factors contribute to elevated diastolic arterial pressure. If a person can control some, such as obésité, others are not avoidable.

Les médecins décrivent la pression artérielle à l’aid de deux chiffres: systolique et diastolic. They present a lecture with the systolic figure appearing above the diastolic figure. La systolique mesure la pressure pendent la contraction de heart, while diastolic is the pressure between battements du cœur. Les gens accordent beaucoup d’importance à la valeur systolique. Or, each increase of 10 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) in diastolic pressure among 40-89 year olds doubles the risk of heart disease or stroke.

Doctors have defined isolated diastolic hypertension, a high diastolic arterial pressure, such as higher than 80 mm of mercury. chez des personnes dont la pression artérielle systolique est normale.
This article treats common causes of diastolic hypertension and associated risks and how to prevent hypertension.

Main causes

If a person suffers from high blood pressure, there is an increase in systolic and diastolic blood pressure. However, a high diastolic blood pressure is produced in isolated diastolic hypertension (HDI). Les médecins classent l’HDI de stade 1 with a diastolic blood pressure of 80-89 mm Hg. It is classified as HDI stage 2 with a diastolic blood pressure greater than 90 mm Hg.

L’HDI is uncommon and represents less than 20% of cases of hypertension.

Doctors do not understand why an individual can develop diastolic hypertension. Ils sugentent que le rétrécissement des arterioles in is the cause, because of the hormones present in the body.

Common causes of isolated diastolic hypertension are as follows:

– les troubles endocriniens
– renovascular problems
– sleep apnea

A study demonstrated the link between severe sleep apnea and diastolic hypertension.

However, potential and avoidable causes of HDI are as follows:

– L’obesité

Doctors generally associate high blood pressure and obesity. However, it is associated with hyperthyroidism and obesity in HDI.
To reduce the risk of IDH, a person can take steps to achieve a moderate weight through diet and exercise.
S’il lui est difficile de modifier son regime alimentaire d’augmenter son activité physique, a médecin can suggest other options for weight management.

– Alcohol consumption

Quelques études show that alcohol consumption contributes to the HDI.
Pour aider à préventir l’hypertension artérielle, chez les hommes, veillez à ne pas consommer plus de deux boissons alcoolisées per jour et les femmes pas plus d’une boisson alcoolisée per jour.

– Smoking

Des études associent le tabagisme à l’IDH. For example, a study in China revealed that among people aged 90 and over, current or previous smoking increases diastolic blood pressure.

– Triglycerides

Des triglycérides or des graisses sanguines elevates are another potential cause of HDI as well as other health risks. When these graisses sanguines are raised, elles font baisser le « bon » cholestérol HDL. If individuals have high blood triglycerides and a high level of “bad” LDL cholesterol, this increases the risk of heart disease and stroke. It is possible to reduce the rates of blood triglycerides in the modification of the diet. For example, a Mediterranean-style diet rich in poissons gras, fruits, vegetables and whole grains can help lower blood triglycerides.

Diastolic hypertension risk factors

There are certain risk factors for diastolic hypertension that cannot be controlled.

It is particularly concerned with:

– Age: Diastolic hypertension is frequent among people under 50 years old. Elle est rare chez les adultes agês.
– Les antécédents familiaux: The fact of having members of the family suffering from hypertension increases the risk of IDH in an individual.
– Cardiovascular events: If an individual suffers an incident that damages the cardiac muscle, this increases their risk of IDH.
– Le diabetes: Les personnes atteintes de diabète and dont le taux de sucre în le sang est élevé are more susceptible to develop IDH.
– Hypothyroidism: Average 30% often people who have a low level of thyroid hormones are affected by IDH.
Renal disease: People suffering from chronic renal disease can also have IDH.
– Sexe biologique : Dans une vaste étude conducted in 2019, with close to 2.5 million participants, les chercheurs ont constatt que la prévalence de l’HDI era nettement plus élevé chez les hommes (4.5 % of the total population) that chez les femmes (2.2 %).

Health risks

If an individual of a normal artérielle systolique pressure, a bath of diastolic arterial pressure can affect the regulation of blood flow in the cerveau and the training of a cerebrovascular accident. D’après une étude, les chercheurs ont associé l’HDI à une augmentation a tension artérielle et un risc acru d’événements cardiovasculaires ouureliers.
L’HDI augmente le risc d’une personne de souffrir de divers problèmes de santé, dont les suivants

– heart diseases
– heart attack
– heart failure
– aneurysms
– atrial fibrillation
– peripheral arterial disease

Symptoms of high diastolic arterial pressure

Often, an elevated diastolic blood pressure does not cause any noticeable symptoms. A vast study in 2019 revealed that many people were unaware that they were affected by l’HDI. Out of 2,351,035 participants, 3.2% were reached by HDI. Plus 86% were untreated, and only 10.3% of those people were aware that they had high artistic pressure. La croyance commune selon laquelle l’hypertension artérielle causes sweats, redness on the face or a feeling of nervousness is a mythe.

However, a person should see a doctor urgently if they experience the following symptoms. Ceux-ci can indicate a serious complication of l’HDI, such as a heart attack or stroke:

– chest pain
– respiratory difficulties
– stupefying
– sudden appearance of weakness
– modifications of l’élocution
– perte de conscience

prevention

Some people can prevent the appearance of elevated diastolic blood pressure by avoiding tobacco, alcohol, reducing blood fat and maintaining a moderate weight. Dans d’autres cas, certains uncontrollable factors, tels que le sexe biologique, les antécédents familiaux et le fait de vivre avec le diabète, can make en sorte qu une personne can prevent a high diastolic arterial pressure.

* Press the effort of transmitting health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO CASE, les informations données can replace l’ avis d’un proffesionel de santé.

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