Entered into force in October 2021, the reform of unemployment insurance will significantly reduce the amount of benefits received by seasonal workers. Here are some tips to help you get the most out of it.
Careful! If you are a worker or a seasonal worker, you worked in November, December and January, your unemployment rights are exposed and you show up to take a job in June, July and August, you are well on your way. The amount of benefits you will receive after these six months of work will be much lower than what you could have claimed before the unemployment insurance reform.
Unemployment: How Much Will You Lose After October 1st?
As a reminder, in your case, from the restoration in place of Elisabeth Borne is the entry in the application (October 1, 2021) the amount of the return allowance (ARE) is no longer calculated on the basis of these 6 months you worked, but taking into account the entire period from November to August, which is 10 months. So you will open for 10 months, compared to 6 before, but your monthly allowance will be reduced.
Please note that you need 6 months of full-time work now to open your rights, compared to 4 before the reform.
Seasonal workers, first victims of unemployment reform
This is the very spirit of this reform: the AER is now spread over a longer period and the amount received per month is therefore less. The aim, moreover, assumed by the government is to force the “permissive” (workers who alternate between periods of short-term contracts and periods of unemployment) to return to work as soon as possible… by no longer allowing them to live on their allocation. It is also about saving money, because by extending the duration of compensation, more unemployed people find work before exhausting their rights, which always makes less money to get out of the coffers.
A good operation for the government, except for the little ones. According to Unédic’s projections, recent reforms would penalize 1.15 million people in their first year of implementation and reduce their allocations by an average of 17%. Even more dangerous: 400,000 people suffered a 40% bath. The most affected of them? Les saisonniers: 1 million people according to figures from the Ministry of Labor.
In Morbihan (56), the unemployed CGT decided to take the problem head on. It must be said that Brittany, a tourist region, is home to a large number of seasonal workers. « Many of them have not yet faced the decline of their ARE. Not everyone is aware yet of the effects of the reform and our first role is to inform them “, Supports Vladimir Bizet-Guilleron, a member of the CGT unemployed 56.
In addition to a massive poster campaign to prevent the time bomb, which is the reform for seasonal workers, the union provides valuable tips for trying to escape what it calls the “ Macron anti-precarious neckline ». That is, the reduction in the amount of the ARE due to the latest reform of unemployment insurance.
Aim for the six months of employment without interruption
As, since the reform, the period for opening rights is 6 months (and no longer 4), the best strategy for those who do not yet have open rights is to work with less than 6 months consecutive to open rights without discount, summarizes the document.
It’s not about finding one and the same six-month contract, which is virtually impossible since the tourist or farming seasons rarely last that long. But the idea remains to limit, (by chaining 2 or 3 contracts?) During these six months, the number of days off between the various contracts. That way, you’ll be getting rid of clutter you don’t need.
Another trick is not to be trapped by a toxic boss and / or in a job with unsustainable working conditions.
Before you are hired, it is possible, at the employee’s initiative, to carry out a period of placement in a professional environment. This is a Pôle emploi agreement, during which you are not an employee. So this is not a period that can create an anti-precarious Macron discount.
However, the strategy is not infallible, the union proves (at the end of the article) that even by alternating 6 months of full-time work and six months of lifelong unemployment, the “anti-precarious Macron discount” would end up falling on it after 8 years of work. This is due to the month of grace, the unpaid month between your employment contract and the receipt of your allowance, which ends up coinciding with the time when your new entitlements are calculated with a period of unemployment. Making an unfavorable calculation inevitable.
Disposing of the remnants of unemployment
For those with residual unemployment (open but not exhausted rights because you chained another employment contract before it expired), the task gets complicated. And the best thing is to sell them before accepting a new contract.
In fact, Pôle emploi will pay you these balances between your different seasonal contracts, as soon as you have an unemployed period. As long as they are exposed, they will prevent you from gaining access to the calculation of the new rights.
A priori, this is not necessarily a problem, since these remnants can be a very satisfactory allowance. Except that worries come when the balance is exhausted and it’s time to calculate new fees.
At that time, Pole emploi will take into account the last 24 months (36 for beneficiaries aged 53 or over) in calculating your ARE! Among them, there will inevitably be idle periods – during which you have touched the famous remnant. Review: The period over which your ARE is calculated again exceeds that of your only employment contracts… and you will receive a reduced allowance.
« Specifically, a seasonal worker at SMIC will eventually have an allowance between two contracts that will increase from € 950 to € 720 per month ”Says the unemployed CGT.
Despite these tricks, the reform of unemployment insurance is forcing the seasonal workers to have untenable long-term contortions.
Many people work while seasonal, not by choice but by default. They do not choose their periods worked. Others are in dire need of periods of inactivity to replenish their workforce, the union concludes.