Smallpox of the monkey: After a first case identified in France, what dangers for children?

Benign for adults, monkeypox can be more severe in children. Explanations while a first case was recorded in a child schooled in France.

This Saturday, the health authorities registered the first confirmed case of monkeypox in a child in France.

However, if the disease is particularly benign in adults, it should be noted that severe cases occur more frequently in children, pregnant women and immunocompromised people. “Its overall mortality rate remains low,” said Santé Publique France, as it is “less than 10% in cases observed around the world.”

What are the risks?

In children, pregnant women and immunocompromised people, monkeypox can be complicated in several ways:
– major eruption (more than 100 vesicles) which can sometimes lead to superinfections or generalized infections,
– digestive problems or ENT (with local compressions),
– eye damage (corneal damage),
– neurological complications (encephalitic signs),
– severe forms in the lungs (pneumonia).

After the first case involving a minor registered in France this Saturday night, the health authorities are therefore calling for vigilance even if, for the time being, they are working “to trace the child’s chain of contact” which does not present “any “. sign of gravity. ”

Parents of children at risk in contact with the school attended by the child have also received the following recommendations, which may apply to all those who have a doubt:
– Monitor the onset of symptoms (fever, rash) and request the 15 if necessary;
– Be offered a consultation in order to make the child benefit from a vaccination if it is deemed necessary by the doctor;
– In the absence of symptoms, and in the state of knowledge, there is no known risk of contagion. Therefore, no action is required for the child (or isolation, or adaptation of activities) or for other family members.

“Risk of poor transmission”

The ARS Ile-de-France recalled, this Saturday night, that “the features and the contagiousness of this disease make it can also affect children in a family setting by sharing linens, living rooms, by cutlery This is the case in some countries where this virus is endemic and where transmission can occur through close contact with a person who has signs of the disease (rash in the form of ‘pimples’). the whole population, is assessed as low. “

It should be noted that at this stage, “the cases reported in Europe are mostly mild, and there are no reported deaths.”

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