symptoms and prevention of clogged arteries

Arteriosclerosis occurs when the blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients from your heart to the rest of your body (arteries) become thick and stiff. They end up restricting blood flow to your organs and tissues. Healthy arteries are flexible and elastic, but over time, the walls of your arteries can harden, a situation commonly referred to as hardening of the arteries.

Atherosclerosis is a specific type of arteriosclerosis, but the terms are used interchangeably. Atherosclerosis refers to the accumulation of fat, cholesterol and other substances in and on your arterial walls (plaque), which can restrict blood circulation. The plaque may burst, causing a blood clot to form. Although atherosclerosis is often considered a heart problem, it can affect arteries anywhere in your body. Atherosclerosis can be prevented and treated.

Atherosclerosis symptom

Atherosclerosis develops progressively, generally in the course of symptoms. In general, you have no symptoms of atherosclerosis until it is obstructed or obstructed, unable to provide enough blood to organs and tissues. Sometimes a blood clot completely blocks blood flow, or even breaks and can trigger a heart attack or stroke.

Symptoms of moderate to severe atherosclerosis depend on the affected arteries. E.g :

– If you have atherosclerosis in your heart arteries, you may experience symptoms such as chest pain or pressure (angina).

– If you have atherosclerosis in the arteries leading to your brain, you may have signs and symptoms such as sudden numbness or weakness in your arms or legs, difficulty speaking or speech disorders, temporary loss vision in one eye, or falling muscles in your face. These signal a transient ischemic attack (TIA), which, if left untreated, can lead to a stroke.

– If you have atherosclerosis in the arteries in your arms and legs, you may experience symptoms of peripheral arterial disease, such as pain in the legs while walking (claudicare).

– If you have atherosclerosis in the arteries leading to your kidneys, you develop high blood pressure or kidney failure.

When consulting a doctor

If you think you have atherosclerosis, talk to your doctor. Also pay attention to the first symptoms of inadequate blood flow, such as chest pain (angina pectoris), leg pain, or numbness.

Early diagnosis and treatment can prevent atherosclerosis from getting worse and prevent a heart attack, stroke, or other medical emergency.

Development of atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is a slow and progressive disease that can begin in childhood. Although the exact cause is unknown, atherosclerosis can begin with damage to the inner layer of an artery. Damage can be caused by:

  • – Hypertension
  • – High cholesterol
  • – Triglycerides high, a type of fat (lipid) in your blood
  • – Smoking and other sources of tobacco
  • – Insulin resistance, obesity or diabetes
  • – Inflammation caused by arthritis, lupus, infections, or inflammation caused by inconnue

Once the inner wall of an artery is damaged, blood cells and other substances often clump together at the site of injury and accumulate in the inner wall of the artery.

Over time, fatty deposits (plaque) made from cholesterol and other cellular products also build up at the site of injury and harden, narrowing your arteries. Organs and tissues connected to blocked arteries do not receive enough blood to function properly.

Eventually, pieces of fatty deposits can break and enter your bloodstream.

In addition, the smooth lining of the plaque can rupture, spilling cholesterol and other substances into your bloodstream. This can cause a blood clot, which can block blood flow to a specific part of your body, such as when the blocked blood flow to the heart causes a heart attack. A blood clot can also move to other parts of your body, blocking the flow to another organ.

Risk factors for atherosclerosis

Arteries harden over time. In addition to aging, factors that increase the risk of atherosclerosis include:

  • – Hypertension
  • – High cholesterol
  • – Diabetes
  • – Obesity
  • – Smoking and other uses of tobacco
  • – Family history of early heart disease
  • – Lack of exercise
  • – Unhealthy eating

Complications

Complications of atherosclerosis depend on blocked arteries. E.g :

– Coronary heart disease. When atherosclerosis narrows the arteries close to your heart, you may develop coronary heart disease, which can cause chest pain (angina pectoris), a heart attack, or heart failure.

– Carotid artery disease. When atherosclerosis narrows the arteries close to the brain, you may develop carotid artery disease, which can cause a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or a stroke.

– Disease of the peripheral arteries. When atherosclerosis narrows the arteries in your arms or legs, you may develop circulation problems in your arms and legs called peripheral arterial disease. This can make you less sensitive to heat and cold, which increases your risk of burning or frostbite. In rare cases, poor circulation in the arms or legs can cause tissue death (gangrene).

– Aneurysms. Atherosclerosis can cause aneurysms, a serious complication that can occur anywhere in your body. An aneurysm is a bulge in the wall of your artery. Most people with aneurysms have no symptoms. Pain and palpitations in the region of an aneurysm can be produced and it is a medical emergency. If an aneurysm breaks out, you could face life-threatening internal bleeding. Although this is generally a sudden and catastrophic event, a slow escape is possible. If a blood clot in an aneurysm is dislodged, it can block an arta at a distant point.

– Chronic kidney disease. Atherosclerosis can cause the arteries in your kidneys to narrow, preventing oxygenated blood from reaching them. Over time, this can affect your kidney function, preventing waste from leaving your body.

prevention

The same recommended healthy lifestyle changes to treat atherosclerosis also help prevent it. These are in particular:

  • – Quit smoking
  • – Eat healthy foods
  • – Do regular exercise
  • – Maintain a healthy weight

Remember to make changes one step at a time, and keep in mind which lifestyle changes are best for you in the long run.

* Press the effort to transmit health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO CASE, the information given cannot replace the opinion of a health professional.

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