Paris (AFP) – With its crushed face and short profile on its legs, the English bulldog is a pertussis of purebred dog fans, but the cause of this success is paid for with a risk of accumulating health risks, according to British scientists.
If the rooster is Gallic, the bulldog is English. Molosse, originally bred to fight bulls, became a pet in Victorian England in the 19th century, according to a study published Wednesday in Canine Medicine and Genetics.
The breeders then cross-exaggerated the distinctive features of his ancestors, to obtain a shorter face with a wide lower jaw, a thicker constitution, and arched legs.
The animal is now one of the most popular animals in the United Kingdom. It came in second place in 2020 in the ranking of dog records in the great British association of the Kennel Club.
But the study by Dan G. O’Neill of Royal Veterinary College established the ransom for that success. The English Bulldog is twice as likely to be prone to a condition as another dog, according to a 2016 statistical study of more than 24,000 dogs, including more than 2,000 English Bulldogs, who went through a practice. vet.
Its pretty pleated coat promotes dermatitis. As for her teary-eyed eye, it’s a reaction to what the British call a cherry eye, a cherry eye, due to tissue inflammation. Flattening is the origin of respiratory syndromes, which limit, for example, resistance to exertion. And the excessive weight of his muscles is the cause of cysts between the fingers. Not to mention the radical transformation of the morphology of the animal, making it difficult to give birth to females, and involving the use of cesarean sections.
These problems are nothing new, and the prevalence in this race has been repertory for several decades. But this is the first time scientists have quantified them: “Many of the predispositions to pathologies reported in this study are closely related to the extreme conformation of the English bulldog” to the criteria of the breed.
The authors of the study therefore call on breeders to change these criteria, “in order to prevent the UK from joining the growing list of countries where the breeding of English bulldogs is prohibited”.
In a resounding ruling, the Oslo court banned the breeding of the English Bulldog and Cavalier King Charles Spaniel in Norway on the grounds that the practice inflicts suffering on them that is inconsistent with the Animal Welfare Act.
© 2022 AFP