By Caroline J., Cécile D. · Published on May 9, 2022 at 12:13 p.m.
The tiger mosquito continues to progress in France. On the 2022 map, updated by Vigilance Moustiques, it reveals that three new departments are on red alert. To date, the tiger mosquito has been declared officially established and active in 67 departments in metropolitan France out of 96. Paris and the whole of Île-de-France, namely the Seine-et-Marne, the Yvelines, the Essonne, the Hauts-de-Seine, Seine-Saint-Denis, Val-de-Marne and Val-d’Oise are involved.
With the arrival of good days, we must pay attention to Aedes albopictusthe famous mosquito tiger. they Mosquito Surveillance website updated the tiger mosquito presence card highlighting the presence of these dangerous mosquitoes, department by department. Tous those of l“Île-de-France are strongly affected by this tiny insect, but which can be a vector of many diseases.
In fact, the news is not good, since the mosquito tiger progress in the national territory. In 2022, three new departments (Meurthe-et-Moselle, the Loiret and the Val-d’Oise) are located in rouge vigilance, which means that the tiger mosquito is implanted and active there. So in total, 67 departments in the hex are in redand the 6 departments are in orange vigilance.
The tiger mosquito: a “major health risk” in the coming years
According to a committee of inquiry into the Assembly, the tiger mosquitoes go “represents a major health risk throughout the territory“their”of the coming decades“.
28 July 2020, the rapporteur of this committee of inquiry and LREM Member for Mayotte, Ramlati Alihad confided: “It is an invasive species, which did not exist in the Hexagon until 2004. In 2019, 58 departments out of the 96 metropolitan departments were colonized“.
“If for fifty years the metropolitan area has lived free from mosquito-borne diseases, this is no longer the case today. He will learn to live with them, limiting their impact on the health of the French to the best of their abilityshe had added in the report.
To combat the tiger mosquito, the commission of inquiry therefore unveiled 46 proposals. Objective? “Redesign a prevention policy“,”flatten the institutional framework“in order to curb the proliferation of these tiger mosquitoes or”perpetuate„The means of research.
Paris and the whole of Île-de-France are on red alert
Paris and the other seven departments of Île-de-France are therefore concerned by this rouge vigilancenamely the Seine et Marnecorpse YvelinesIEssonnecorpse Hauts-de-Seineto Seine-Saint-Denisthey Val-de-Marne and the Val-d’Oise – the only department in France so far spared. « Need to go back to the North of France and its population is denser in the Rhone Valley, around the Île-de-France and on the Atlantic coast », He explains Elsa Quilleryscientific expertise coordinator at Anses, in the columns of the Parisian.
Also, meHandles set up a website (https://signalement-moustique.anses.fr/) to signal the tiger mosquito, in order to update the map as quickly as possible.
What are the health risks?
According to the Ministry of Health websitethey mosquito tiger can cause serious illnesses such as dengue, Zika virus or chikungunya. « If a person infected with Zika, dengue or chikungunya virus can transmit this infection »Precisely theARS Île-de-Francewhich, however, no cases of mosquito-borne virus have been observed in the Île-de-France region ».
How to recognize the tiger mosquito?
If you are afraid of being stung by one mosquito tiger, be sure to identify it first. So, Vigilance-Mosquitoes confides that the tiger mosquito is ” smaller than a 1 cent coin (it measures only a few millimeters, usually 5 mm), it has a fairly slow flight and is easy to crush in flight ». The son’s physical appearance is also particular, « since it is black with white stripes on the legs and abdomen ». to City of Pariswhich indicates that one enhanced surveillance of the tiger mosquito is set up by the authorities of the May 1, November 30, 2022This insect is more active in the daytime, “cu a peak of aggression at dawn and dusk“.
How to protect yourself from the tiger mosquito?
Actions are being taken to rid the region of this pest and control the proliferation of mosquito larvae. In order to protect yourself from tiger mosquitoesthey ministry site recalls, in fact, the importance of paying attention to the larval nests Like cups under flowerpots, watering cans, old tires, clogged gutters… So a tip, avoid stagnant water and think about emptying all these little ones “ water retention Or don’t forget to renew them at least once a week. For pleasure pools, consider introducing fish, which will feed the larvae.
For its part, the City of Paris especially recommended by repair leaks to avoid the formation of flakes and stagnation of water, especially sort, dispose of, return or shelter all containers where water can stagnate (miscellaneous waste, toys, tarpaulins, pots, buckets, garden bins, bins, tires, watering cans, wheelbarrows …), or to avoid the use of flower pots with reserve. Also think about Regularly renew water from flowers or cuttings (once or twice a week), or at often replaces pot water by wet sand, or to cover water reserves with a mosquito net or a simple cloth to prevent any access to mosquitoes (water cans, cisterns, ponds). Don’t forget either Periodically and completely empty the tanks and columns of umbrella feet that fill with rain or watering.
Pour to avoid piqûreson a walk, prefer loose clothing and covering the whole body, includes light-colored legs and arms, as many species of mosquitoes are attracted to dark colors. At home, you can opt for the famous ones mustaches (bed netting, crib), preferably impregnated with insecticides, but also narrow mesh mosquito nets to mosquito doors, windows and other entryways. Also make sure to good ventilator to keep insects away. Besides, know that one fan or one conditioning can help keep mosquitoes away.
You can also use skin repellents, but be careful, because not everyone is worth it. Also, to know the products and their conditions of use, you do not need to consult the recommendations Public Health Haut Council published in the weekly Epidemiological Bulletin of Public Health France of June 1, 2021, entitled ” Sanitary recommendations for travelers », accessible here. Otherwise, seek advice from your pharmacist or doctor.
To hopefully get rid of the tiger mosquito once and for all signal his presence on the ANSES website so that the authorities can act on a large scale.